-Both alcohols and phenols contain the hydroxyl group (-OH). In alcohols, the hydroxyl group is attached to an aliphatic carbon, but in phenols, the hydroxyl group is attached to an aromatic carbon.
-In this experiment, we will test for the alcoholic group by performing the acetyl chloride test. In this test, alcohols react with acetyl chloride to form esters and give out hydrogen chloride gas. The hydrogen chloride formed gives white fumes of ammonium chloride with ammonium hydroxide. We will use ethanol in this experiment.


  • Identification of the alcoholic functional group.


  • Qualitative organic analysis

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