Michelson's Interferometer Virtual Lab Simulation | PraxiLabs

Michelson' Interferometer Virtual Lab Simulation

Physics | Modern Physics

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Michelson Interferometer Virtual Lab

General Aim of Michelson Interferometer Experiment

To determine the refractive index of a thin transparent plate.

Michelson Interferometer Experiment Method

Michelson’s interferometer procedure.

Learning Objectives of Michelson Interferometer Experiment

  • By the end of the experiment, the student should be able to: Construct the Michelson’s interferometer.

  • Recognize the function of each component in the interferometer.

  • Understand the operation of the interferometer.

  • Interpret the observed in the interference pattern.

Theory of Michelson Interferometer Experiment

Monochromatic light beam from a laser source is splitted into two beams. the two beams are reflected back from two mirrors to a screen, where interference pattern is observed. By moving one of the two mirrors or both, the phase  difference between the two beams changes and the fringes crossing the field of vision changes in number accordingly.

Michelson Interferometer Principle

In michelson interferometer experiment, The number of fringes crossing the field of vision is counted as one (or both) of the two mirrors is moved or by rotating the glass plate stage through angle . hence the wavelength of laser and the refractive index of the glass plate could be determined.

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